English Grammar For Class 3
Learning English Grammar is not as hard as students think. With the help of this post, the students studying in class 3 will be in a better stage to learn and understand.
This page includes all the topics mentioned in the syllabus of “English Grammar for class 3“. We will provide a detailed understanding of the topic with the help of examples, worksheets, and PDFs (giving a complete overview of the topic). This blog will help you to learn English Grammar effectively and without difficulty.
A group of words that joins together and makes words meaningful together is called a sentence.
There are 4 types of Sentences :
1. A declarative sentence: Sentences that end with a full stop to end it.
- She is a novel writer.
- He is my friend.
- This is my bag.
2. An interrogative sentence – Sentences end with a question mark asking question.
- Where do you live?
- Is this your bag?
- What are you doing?
3. An exclamatory sentence- Sentences that express surprise or a strong emotion such as joy, sorrow, surprise, excitement, etc; end with an exclamation mark.
- What a beautiful painting!
- God! I am scared.
- Oh! I forgot to carry my wallet.
4. An imperative sentence- Sentences that make a request or give a command.
- Get out.
- Please, help me.
- Do not interrupt.
Also read: Sentences for Class 3
2. Subject And Predicate
The sentence or the part of the sentence which tells us information about whom the sentence is talking about is known as its subject.
The sentence remaining after the subject is Predicate.
My mother cooks food for my friends tonight.
In this sentence, you can see that the main verb in the whole sentence is denoted as “my mother” so “my mother” here is the subject and the remaining “cooks food for my friends tonight” is the predicate.
Also Read: Subject and predicate for class 3
3. Vowels And Consonants
An alphabet is a set of letters or symbols that helps to make phrases, words, or sentences.
In the English language, there are 26 alphabets (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z ) out of which 5 are known as vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and rest are consonants (b, c, d, f, g, h, j………and so on)
Dog – ”o” is a vowel here.
Mat – ”a” is a vowel here.
Tin – ”i” is a vowel here.
Pen – ”e” is a vowel here.
Fun – ”u” is a vowel here.
Go – “G” is consonant.
For – “F” and “r” are consonants.
His – “H” and “s” are consonants.
Is – “s” is consonant.
Hut – “H” and “t” are consonants.
Also read: Vowels and Consonants for Class 3
A word or phrase that is used as the name of a person, place, animal, or thing is called a Noun.
- Name of Person- Sandeep, Rahul, Vijay, etc
- Name of the place- Bihar, Delhi, Kanpur, etc
- Name of animal– Lion, Tiger, Dog, etc
- Name of thing– Pencil, Table, basket, etc
Types of Nouns
There are 5 types of nouns in class 3 and let us learn and understand what they are:-
1. Common noun– A common noun is a common name given to a person, place, animal, or thing.
- This is my book on the table.
- He is my pet dog.
- My father is a lawyer.
2. Proper noun- The proper noun is a specific name and is always written in capital letters.
- My name is Peter.
- She shifted to Pune.
- The Taj Mahal is a beautiful place.
3. Collective noun- The collective noun is used for the collection of Persons, places, animals, and things together.
- He bought a pair of shoes.
- There is no crowd in the hall.
- A bouquet of flowers was given by my friend.
4. Abstract noun– The abstract noun is an immaterial thing, it cannot be touched or seen.
- He shows his anger to his friend.
- She loves her pet dog.
- They have a fear of swimming.
5. Material noun– The material noun is the material whereas it can be seen and touched by making things.
- I drank a glass of juice every day.
- This paper is very important for me.
- The gold is very expensive.
Also read: Nouns for Class 3
5. Singular and Plural
A noun that refers to only one person, animal, place, or thing.
Examples: – boy, bird, apple, Toy, Table, Pen, Chair, Cat.
- The girl is dancing.
- The book is on the table.
- He lost his pen.
A noun that refers to more than one person, animal, place, or thing.
Examples: – boys, birds, apples, Tables, Pens, Chairs, Cats.
- The boys are watching movie.
- The girls are dancing.
- The birds are chirping.
Also read: Singular and Plural for Class 3
Definition of pronoun: A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun phrase or noun expression (a name, place, or thing in a sentence, phrase, or word).
- Suhani is my best friend. She loves cooking.
- They are singing a group song.
- She is going to the fair with them.
- Ruhi is a dancer. She is an intelligent girl.
- He brought some cards from her.
Personal pronouns: The pronouns I, we, he, she, her, him, them, us, we, me, and you are called personal pronouns. They come in place of people, animals, or things.
- She bought chocolate for her sister.
- This is her favorite bag.
- These books are mine.
Also read: Pronouns for Class 3
It denotes the action done in the past, action done now in the present, and action that will be done in the future.
1. Simple present tense
- Mohan wants to play.
- Pooja eats pizza.
- They are playing cricket.
2. Simple Past Tense
- They caught butterflies.
- He cooked food.
- They were dancing.
3. Simple Future Tense
- Sheetal will come to Mumbai.
- She will dance.
- They will watch a movie together.
Also read: Tenses for Class 3
Verbs are words, phrases, or sentences that indicate actions and state of being in the sentence.
There are three types of verbs:-
1. Action Verbs
Action verbs are verbs that are used to describe an action done in a sentence by a person, an animal, or objects in a sentence. Action verbs are dance, eat, play, etc.
- They are listening to music.
- He is completing his homework.
- They eat food together.
Action verbs are divided into two categories:-
1. Transitive verbs
A transitive verb describes a noun, phrase, or pronoun used with an object in a sentence.
- He plays cricket daily.
- We received an invitation letter today.
- The birds are flying in the sky.
2. Intransitive verb
Intransitive verbs do not require any noun or object to complete a sentence it only acts in parts of speech.
- It is raining.
- She cried loudly.
- She is writing.
2. Linking verbs
These only describe the subject in a sentence but do not show an action done.
- She seems to be very happy.
- She looks tired and goes to bed.
- It smells really awkward.
3. Helping verbs
Helping verbs are used in a sentence with another verb to complete a sentence or phrase and express things as a person, number, or tense. Helping verbs includes is, am, are, was, were, has, have, etc.
- It was raining since last night.
- They were playing cricket.
- She has forgotten to bring his brother’s bag.
Also read: Verbs for Class 3
Adverbs are words that explain more about the verb or action that was done in a sentence phrase or word. It tells us information about an action is done, an event, or a situation in a phrase.
- Suhani danced gracefully.
- Mary sang badly.
- The Annual function was held in the stadium.
- Sandy rides the bicycle carelessly.
- He is will be going to play a video game after lunch.
Also read: Adverbs for Class 3
Modals are helping verbs that are used to represent or express the ability, possibility, permission, suggestion, and intention of a subject to do an action in a sentence.
Uses of Modals
1. ” Can ” is used to express ability or grant permission to do something in a sentence.
- She can go to buy her favorite dress.
- I can speak both English and French language.
- He can do his own work.
2. ” Could ” is used to ask permission and express ability.
- She could play guitar on her own.
- You could complete your work first.
- Could you speak to Hary?
3. ” May ” is used to express or to seek permission, and express wishes, and blessings.
- It may rain today.
- She may pass the exam.
- How may I help her?
4. ” Might ” is used to express weak possibilities in the past.
- She might complete her work on time.
- He might come today.
- He might fail if he does not study.
5. ” Should ” is used to express a suggestion or recommendation, or to talk politely about the right things to do.
- She should complete her work on time.
- He should go to school everyday.
- They should eat now.
6. ” Must ” is used to express the total need to do something.
- He must watch this movie.
- She must win the game.
- They must go now.
7. “Cannot” is used to deny permission to do something.
- He cannot complete his tasks on time.
- It cannot complete on time,
- They cannot be so afraid of dogs.
Also read: Modals for Class 3
A conjunction is a word or phrase that joins or connects two each phrase, words, and sentences together.
Conjunctions are like but, or, for, so, yet, either, nor, etc.
- He failed because he did not study for exams.
- She is very hungry but can’t eat anything as she is having a fast.
- Rama is so busy in gossips.
There are three types of conjunctions:-
1. Coordinating conjunctions
The coordinating conjunctions are used to link or join two words in a sentence or phrases.
- He got ready and go to school.
- She wanted to play loud music, but her mother is sleeping.
- She will have tea or juice.
2. Subordinating conjunctions
A subordinating conjunction connects the independent clause to the dependent clause.
- She will not go until his brother is back.
- He works so hard so that she may achieve her goals.
- Myra punished her student because he does not complete his work.
3. Correlative conjunctions
A correlative conjunctions are pair of words joined together to form a sentence.
- Neither Riya nor his parents will go to the party.
- Piyush is both brave and intelligent.
- She is not only good at studies but also a good player.
Also read: Conjunctions for Class 3
Punctuation is the sort of symbols that are used in a sentence to make it learning easy and understandable.
Types of Punctuation marks:-
1. Full Stop (.)
The Full Stop is used at the end of a sentence or paragraph to end it in an easy way.
- The boys are playing cricket.
- They are going to watch a movie.
- She is dancing on her favorite song.
2. Coma (,):
The comma is used in a sentence or paragraph to separate two words or sentences join together.
- She said We are going for shopping.
- It was so cold, she wears a cap.
- Reema, Seema, and Ajay are watching a movie.
3. Inverted commas(” “):
Inverted commas are used to mark the exact words spoken by the speaker.
- He said,” He is going on a trip to Goa”.
- “Let’s go for dinner”, said Michael
- She wrote an essay on “Save Earth”.
4. Exclamation (!):
The sign of exclamation is used after a sudden happening or surprise.
- Alas! The baby fell down.
- Shh! The children are studying.
- Bravo! She won the game.
5. Interrogation (?):
The sign of interrogation is used to mark a direct question at the end.
- Is there are 30 students present in your class?
- Where is your bag?
- Have you stolen his pen?
6. Apostrophe (‘):
The apostrophe is used to show possession or to indicate missing letters in words in a sentence.
- She doesn’t like a pastry.
- He didn’t complete his work.
- They can’t describe how the boring day is today.
Also read: Punctuations for Class 3
Words that begin with the sound A, E, I, O, and U, have ‘an’ before them. These letters are vowels.
Consonants: Words that begin with the sound of letters other than A, E, I, O, and U, and have ‘a’ before them.
This article is used with a singular noun.
- He has a pet dog.
- She plays a video game.
- This is a beautiful flower.
This article is used before beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) in a singular form.
- She ate an apple.
- Riya buys an umbrella.
- He is an honest boy.
This article is used before nouns that are unique.
- The school is quite far from the bus stop.
- The apples that I bought were ripe.
- The dog is barking at a child.
Also read: Articles for Class 3
A preposition is a word where it shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other words in a sentence.
- The maid rushed into the kitchen.
- Sonia wakes up at 6 am in the morning.
- She is going to the party.
- She is going on a long tour.
- He is sitting between his friends.
Types of Preposition
There are three types of prepositions which are as follows:-
1. Preposition Of time
- She had to attend a meeting at 6 pm.
- He is on the way to your home.
- She will go to the park in the evening.
2. Preposition of Position
- The cat is under the bed.
- The book is kept between the pillows.
- She is standing beside her car.
3. Preposition of Direction
- My father goes office everyday in his car.
- The rat runs into the room fastly.
- The kite is flying up in the sky.
Also read: Prepositions for Class 3
Words that describe nouns in detail are called adjectives.
- She is an intelligent girl.
- She is feeling hungry.
- The princess looks pretty.
Kinds of Adjectives
There are three types of adjectives which are as follows:-
1. Adjective of quality
The adjective of quality describes the characterstics of person, place or thing.
- He is a brave boy,
- She cooks tasty food.
- Riya has a beautiful yellow dress.
2. Adjective of quantity
The adjective of quantity refers how much the thing is.
- Add some sugar to the tea.
- She got a little piece of cake.
- There are many students in the hall.
3. An adjective of number
The adjective of number expresses the number/count of persons, place, or thing.
- She got eight marks out of 10.
- He got the first rank in all-rounder.
- Radha eats three chocolates in the morning.
Also read: Adjectives for Class 3
A word that expresses sudden emotions such as dismay, surprise, enthusiasm, etc. is known as Interjection.
Hurrah!, Alas!, Bravo!, Oh God!, wow! oh, ouch! etc.
The various types of interjections are as follows:-
To express sudden excitement, happiness, and approval.
- Hurrah! We won the match.
- Hurrah! We are going for a picnic.
- Hurrah! I pass the exam.
”Alas!” is used to express sorrow and pain.
- Alas! The baby fell down.
- Alas! The dog bite him.
- Alas! The car hit him.
”Bravo” is used to show that you appreciate and gives approval for something done.
- Bravo! He passes the exam.
- Bravo! The team won the game.
- Bravo! We are going for dinner.
”Wow” is used to express the indication of being surprised or impressed by someone.
- Wow! What a beautiful gown.
- Wow! An amazing car.
- Wow! What a beautiful necklace.
5. Oh, God!
”Oh, God!” is used to show that you are surprised, angry, sorrowful, and shocked about something and someone.
- Oh, God! I lost my wallet.
- Oh, God! She broke my lens.
- Oh, God! I forgot to write this in my paper.
Also read: Interjections for Class 3