English Grammar for Class 5
Here, you will learn English Grammar for class 5 which will cover topics mentioned in the syllabus with detailed explanations, Worksheet, & Pdf.
1. Subject and Predicate
The subject tells an action performed by whom or who is performing the action which tells us something.
The predicate tells us the action done by the subject or what the subject is performing/ doing.
- The birds are flying in the sky.
- The children are playing in the park.
- The mother is going shopping today.
In the above examples, you can see that the birds, the children, and the mother is performing the action in a sentence so the bird, children, and mother are subject in the above sentences, and the remaining parts of the sentence where an action done by them is the predicate.
Also read: Subject and Predicate for Class 5
Words that are joint together in a phrase are called sentences. The first letter of a Sentence is always a capital letter.
Types of sentences
(a) Assertive Sentences
Assertive sentences are the sentences that state fact or an argument and ends with the full stop.
- The birds are chirpping on the tree.
- She is going to cook food.
- There are many apples in the basket.
(b) Interrogative Sentences
Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions and end with a question mark.
- Which purse is yours?
- Do you want to go for lunch with him?
- Where is your lunch box?
(c) Imperative Sentences
Imperative sentences are used to express commands or request or give an advice and ends with full stop.
- Ask him to bring a glass of water.
- Please tell me about this place.
- You should do your work on time.
(d) Exclamatory Sentences
The exclamatory sentences express sudden emotions or feelings and end with exclamation mark.
- What a beautiful necklace is!
- How expensive the necklace!
- The trees leaves are shed off!
(e) Optative Sentences
An optative sentence is used to express a wish, prayer, or desire in a sentence and it ends with a full stop.
- God save them.
- She wishes that everybody could live happily.
- He wishes best of luck to his brother for his exam.
Also read: Sentences for class 5
A noun is the name of a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.
- Maya is an intelligent girl.
- The bird is flying in the sky.
- She is going to Shimla for vacation.
Types of nouns
There are five different types of nouns:
(a) Common Noun
A common noun is a common name given to a person, animal, place, or thing.
- The school will be over at 2:00 p.m.
- This is a beautiful city.
- The boy is punished by the teacher.
(b) Proper Noun
A proper noun is a noun whereas a specific name is given for a person, place, people, or thing.
Proper nouns are always written in capital letters.
- Reema and Advik are childhood friends.
- She is going to watch a movie on Sunday.
- She shifted to Bengaluru last Saturday.
(c) Collective Noun
A collective noun refers to a collection of a person, place, thing, or animal together.
- The class is going to the assembly.
- Mira bought a bouquet of flowers for her friend.
- The team won the cricket match.
(d) Abstract Noun
An abstract noun is a word that we cannot see or touch.
- She is having a gossip with her best friend.
- The idea of him was very interesting.
- Her mother is very strict about her study.
(e) Material noun
A material noun is a noun that we can feel touch or see.
- The mother forgot her keys in her purse.
- She is wearing a necklace of gold.
- She bought perfume from the market a last night.
Also read: Nouns for class 5
4. Singular and Plural
A noun that denotes one person or thing at a time is called singular.
- She gave me a pen for writing letters.
- She bought a bag from the market.
- The baby is sleeping.
A noun that denotes more than one person or thing at a time is plural.
- She bought a bouquet of flowers.
- The children are playing in the park.
- The cats are fighting.
Also read: Singular and Plural for class 5
The words “A”, “An”, and “The” are called articles. They are used before things or people.
Types of Articles
(a) Indefinite Article
‘A’ and ‘an’ indefinite article.
Use of ‘a’
- She wears a beautiful dress.
- She got a necklace for her sister.
- The girl was scolded by a teacher.
Use of ‘an’
- Rama is an apple daily in the morning.
- He is an honest boy.
- She bought an umbrella yesterday.
(b) Definite Articles
‘The’ is a definite article.
Use of ‘The’
- The woman is sitting under a tree.
- The cat is drinking milk.
- There are raw mangoes in the basket.
Also read: Articles for class 5
6. Noun Gender
(a) Masculine Gender
Masculine gender refers to a male or boy used for person or animal.
(b) Feminine Gender
Feminine gender refers to the female or girls used for person or animal.
(c) Common Gender
Nouns that refer to both males and females are called common gender.
(d) Neuter gender
The non living things are called neuter gender.
Also read: Noun Gender for class 5
7. Noun Number
The singular number refers to one person or thing.
A plural number refers to more than one person or thing.
A noun that we can count are called countable nouns.
A noun that we cannot count are called uncountable nouns.
Also read: Noun Numbers for class 5
Pronouns is a word or phrase that replaces a phrase or a noun expression. I, we, you, my, your, his, and ours are pronouns.
- We are going to a movie.
- He went to the park with them.
- My mother gave me a watch.
Types of Pronouns
The different types of pronouns are as follows:-
(a) Personal Pronoun
Personal pronouns are pronouns that refer to a specific person or object thing.
- He is going to the market.
- His bag is lost last night.
- She wore a beautiful dress.
(b) Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns are pronouns that show ownership of someone or something.
- This is her favorite toy.
- You had lost my book.
- How can you forget to bring his shoes?
(c) Interrogative Pronouns
Interrogative pronouns are pronouns that are used to ask questions.
- Which book is yours?
- Who saw his bag?
- What you will bring from the market?
(d) Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that are used to point out nouns.
- These are your stuff lying down.
- Is this cloth yours?
- That shop contains new toys.
(e) Distributive Pronouns
Distributive pronouns are the pronouns in which more than one person or thing is indicated.
- Each student will go to the stadium.
- None of them is interested in debate.
- Any idea what is going on here?
Also read: Pronouns for class 5
It refers to a word or phrase that defines the action done in a sentence.
- They are going to play badminton.
- Riya and Sabha fight to watch TV.
- Alex loves her pet dog.
Types of Verbs
(a) Auxiliary Verb
Auxillary verbs such as be do and have been used with the main verbs to express the complete meaning of the sentence.
There are two types of auxiliary verbs:-
1. Primary Auxiliary
When the verb does and has occurred alone in a sentence.
- She has been to the market.
- They do not carry his purse.
- They have a pet.
2. Model Auxiliary
The verb is used to express possibility, ability, necessity, or suggestion.
- It may rain today. (possibility)
- He can write quickly. (Ability)
- He must do his homework. (necessity)
- He should do his own work. (suggestion)
(b) Principal Verbs
The principal verbs are the main verbs in a sentence that perform an action.
- She wrote a letter.
- They had a big fight last night.
- The Baby slept on time.
(c) Transitive Verbs
A Transitive verb that refers to the person or thing by action with an object.
- He speaks the Turkish language so softly.
- Seema is writing a letter.
- The food was very tasty.
(d) Intransitive Verbs
A phrase or Sentence that does not require any object.
- The baby is crying.
- She is writing.
- The birds are flying.
Also read: Verbs for class 5
An adverb is a word that modifies or provides information about an action in a sentence.
- The child is speaking so politely.
- Riya has curly hair.
- She shouted loudly at her child.
Types of Adverbs
(a) Adverb of Place
An adverb that tells a place where an action takes place.
- She is waiting outside for her friend.
- The shop is nearby her home.
- What are you doing there?
(b) Adverb of Manner
An adverb of manner with action takes place in a manner.
- Riya speaks so loudly.
- They both live happily together.
- She is very friendly with her brother.
(c) Adverb of Time
An adverb of Time tells us the time when activities take place.
- She is going to a movie tomorrow.
- He will meet his friends soon.
- She always goes early to her school.
(d) Adverb of Frequency
An adverb of frequency tells us how often an action occurs.
- He never performs his tasks on time.
- She frequently keeps a check on his son.
- They usually go shopping on Monday.
(e) Adverb of Degree
An adverb of degree tells an extended measure or scope of action.
- They have enough fun at the party.
- She was almost drunk last night.
- She perfectly completes her all work.
Also read: Adverbs for class 5
Preposition of the words or group of words which joins nouns or pronounce with other things.
- The book is inside the cupboard.
- She is going out to party.
- The shop is near the clinic.
Kinds of Preposition
The kinds of prepositions are as follows:-
(a) Preposition of Time
The preposition of time tells is indicated the specific time of an action.
- She is on the way to the clinic.
- She completes her all tasks within a week.
- The children are waiting at the bus stop.
(b) Preposition of Place
The preposition of place refers to the position of an object or indicates the place.
- The bird is flying up in the sky.
- She forgot the keys in the room.
- He will meet you behind the bars.
(c) Preposition of Direction
Preposition of direction and associated with traveling motion or describe the movement of a person.
- She went to the party late at night.
- The right run outside the window.
- The dog jumped over the bricks.
Also read: Preposition for class 5
The Words or a phrase that joins together connect together are called conjunctions.
- She is late because the traffic was so long.
- He completes his work and therefore goes for playing outside.
- Let me know after you complete your work.
Types of Conjunctions
(a) Coordinating Conjunctions
A coordinating conjunction is a conjunction that connects equally to the words of phrases.
- She can both dance and sing.
- He did not complete his work but played outside.
- They gave their best yet they did not win.
(b) Subordinate Conjunction
The subordinate in conjunctions are the conjunctions whereas the words or phrases connect dependent or independent clauses.
- She is studying hard because of her exams.
- You will get chocolate after you complete your work.
- She will get ready until her friend comes.
(c) Correlative Conjunction
Correlative conjunctions are two words of phrases in the sentence that relates to each other.
- Neither Peter Nor his friend comes to the party.
- Susan is both intelligent and beautiful.
- Either Tom or Anu will come today.
Also read: Conjunctions for class 5
Words that describe nouns in a phrase or expressions are adjectives.
- The old woman is sitting under a tree.
- Maya is an intelligent girl.
- She would a beautiful dress.
Types of Adjectives
(a) Adjectives of Quality
The adjective of quality tells us the quality of nouns.
- Rohan is an average player.
- She bought a pink handbag.
- She cooked tasty food.
(b) Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of quantity tell us the how much quantity of nouns.
- She has some sugar in her tea.
- There are many children playing in the park.
- She had enough money to spend on shopping.
(c) Adjectives of Numbers
The adjectives of numbers tell exactly the number of how many.
- He won the first position in the race.
- She is having five chocolates in a pocket.
- We bought one basket from the market.
(d) Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative adjectives help us point at people or things.
- These are your books on the table.
- Is this bag belong to you?
- Those Packets of chips are so small.
(e) Possessive Adjectives
Possessive adjectives help to tell about the possession.
- This is my bag.
- His wallet is lost.
- This purse belongs to her.
(f) Distributive Adjectives
Distributive adjectives express the distributive state of nouns.
- Each child is going for a picnic.
- Every student had to pay money.
- Neither his house is big.
(g) Interrogative Adjectives
Interrogative adjectives help to ask questions.
- Whose book is this?
- Which is your bag?
- What are you calling for her?
Also read: Adjectives for class 5
14. Degrees of Adjectives
Adjectives are words that describe a noun expression or a phrase.
Types of comparison
(a) Positive Degree
When we talk about one person is called a positive degree.
- Riya is smart girl.
- He comes home early.
- She complete her work fast.
(b) Comparative Degree
When we compare from one person to another is comparative degree.
- Navya is tall than her friend.
- My friend is taller to me
- He is more intelligent than his friends.
(c) Superlative Degree
When we compare more than two people or more people or things is a superlative degree.
- Richa is smarter than her friends.
- Pranav is reachest than all.
- She is most intelligent girl in the class.
Also read: Degrees of Adjectives for Class 5
Interjections are the words or appearances that place on their reactions or feelings. It expresses sudden emotions, requests, and demands.
Ouch!, Wow!, Hurrah!, Alas! are some type of interjections.
- Ouch! My knee is paining.
- Alas! He falls from the stairs.
- Bravo! You got good marks in your exam.
Types of Interjections
(a) Interjection of greeting
The interjections of greeting are used to express to greet a person or the sense of concern he cares for.
- Good morning! Everyone presented in the assembly.
- Hey! Can you tell me where is Alex?
- Hello! My name is Jimmy.
(b) Interjection Of Joy
An interjection of joy is used to express the sudden feeling of happiness and joy.
- Yippee! We are going to a movie.
- Hurrah! He passes the exam.
- Wow! What an expensive and beautiful necklace.
(c) Interjection of Sorrow
Interjections of sorrow are used to express or convey the feeling of sorrow over some bad have happened.
- Ouch! The table hurt my leg.
- Oh! I forgot to bring my bag.
- Alas! He failed the exam.
(d) Interjection of Surprise
The interjection of surprise is used to express an intense or sudden surprise or news, thoughts, or incident.
- Oh! My mother forgot the keys.
- What! She lost her purse.
- Wow! What is a beautiful watch?
(e) Interjections of Approval
The interjections of approval are used to express an excited agreement on something that has occurred.
- Bravo! You passed the exam.
- Brilliant! Your project is better than others.
- Well done! Prepared well for your exam.
(f) Interjection of Attention
The interjection of attention is used to draw concentration from someone.
- Listen! You forgot the bag in the shop.
- Look! What a design.
- Hush! The child is studying.
Also read: Interjection for class 5
The marks punctuation help to understand the words and make the sentences clear and easy to learn it.
The Punctuation marks
(a) The full stop (.)
The full stop is used at the end of the sentences when it is completed.
- They are playing in the park.
- She is going to the nearby shop.
- They are going to attend a function today.
(b) Question mark (?)
The question mark is used at the end of every question.
- Where are you living now?
- What is your favorite hobby?
- Whose books are these?
(c) Quotation Marks (‘….’)
The quotation mark refers to the words of the speaker.
- She said ” we are going for watching a movie”.
- “Give me a glass of water,” he asked.
- “Twilight” is my favorite book.
(d) Apostrophe (‘)
The apostrophe uses to indicate position or belonging.
- She hasn’t completed her work.
- He can’t go today for shopping.
- This is Susan’s book.
(e) The Comma (,)
A comma is used for phrases or clauses in a sentence.
- Shreya is young beautiful and intelligent.
- Ridhima, go and help the students.
- Reema, Arnav, and Pallavi are cooking dinner for the family.
(f) An exclamation Mark (!)
Exclamation marks are used in sudden emotions, reactions feelings.
- Ouch! My knee is hurt.
- Wow! What a beautiful necklace.
- Oh! You forgot your purse in the shop.
(g) Capital Letters
Capital letters are always used to begin a new sentence or the names of a person or place.
- She got stuck in the traffic.
- Ruhi and Alia are best friend.
- She is going to Paris.
Also read: Punctuation for class 5
The word that denotes time and even action taking place occurred in the past, occurs in the present or will occur in the future.
- She had gone to a party last night.
- She has gone to the party.
- She will go to the party that night.
(a) Simple Present Tense
The simple present tense is used to describe an action that occurs on regular basis.
- I am going shopping today.
- She goes to school by bus.
- The Bus leaves by 7:50 a.m.
(b) Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense is you to describe an action got over at a time in the past.
- It rain heavily last night.
- She watched a movie last Sunday.
- She had met her friend yesterday.
(c) Simple Future Tense
The simple future tense describes an action that will happen in the future.
- They will go for dinner today.
- She will not go to school tomorrow.
- He will go on a long trip on vacation.
The Continuous Tense
(a) Present Continuous Tense
Present continuous tense tells the action that is taking place at the time of speaking.
- She is eating her breakfast.
- She is cooking food for everyone.
- They are working on a project together.
(b) Past Continuous Tense
The past continuous tense tells about an action that was taking place at the time of speaking.
- She was watching TV.
- The birds were chirping on the tree.
- She was cooking food for her daughter.
(c) Future Continuous Tense
The future continuous tense is used to refer to an action that will be done in the future.
- He will be joining the office next week.
- She will be dancing at today’s party.
- They will be leaving for Pune tomorrow morning.
The perfect tenses
(a) Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense describes an action that started in the past but has just been completed recently.
- She had just cleaned the kitchen.
- He had close the door.
- She had finished her work now.
(b) Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect tense is used to indicate an action that has been completed.
- The train had left the station.
- She had finished her dinner early.
- She had completed her daily task.
(c) Future Perfect Tense
The future perfect tense is used for an action that had been done at a particular time.
- She will clean her room today.
- She will complete her homework in the evening.
- She will have read the novels by next week.
Also read: Tenses for class 5
Modals are the special groups that are used to express ability, permission, suggestion, possibility, and attention in sentences.
(a) Use of ‘can’
Can is used to express the inability to take permission to do something in a friendly manner.
- She can gave her bag to you for one day.
- He can go for playing after completing his work.
- She can borrow your colour pencils.
(b) Use of ‘could’
The use of could is used for permission and express and ability.
- It could rain today.
- He could do his work better.
- Could you help him in homework.
(c) Use of ‘shall’
Shall is used to ask for something or an advise.
- She shall go to the market.
- He shall complete his work on time.
- Vishal shall have dinner now.
(d) Use of ‘should’
Should is used to talk about something that is right to do.
- He should complete his work on time.
- They should come to the party on time.
- She should leave now for her train.
(e) Use of ‘will’
The use of will is to talk about the action which will be performed.
- She will be going for vacation with a friend.
- They will be having dinner today early.
- He will help you in completing the work.
(f) Use of ‘would’
The use of would is to tell someone to do something politely.
- He would go to his Uncle’s house.
- They would go for movie today.
- She would complete her daily task on time.
(g) Use of May
The use of May is to see grand permission that is possible.
- She may leave now for her home.
- He may like pasta which she made for him.
- May I come in sir.
(h) Use of Must
The use of must to express the absolute need to something.
- He must pass the exam.
- She must reach home by 8:00 p.m.
- They must be preparing hard for the exam.
(i) Use of Might
The use of might is to express a possibility in a sentence.
- She might go to the party today.
- They might come home for meeting.
- He might clear the exam.
(j) Use of ought to
Ought to is used to give a strong suggestion or to express the need to something.
- She ought to practice more in her studies.
- He really ought to buy new dresses.
- They ought to listen to her carefully.
Also read: Modals for class 5
A clause is a group that contains a subject and a verb but does not convey meaning.
- Vipin ran fast.
- After you finish the exam.
- It might rain.
Types of clauses
- Independent clause/ main clause
- Dependent clause/ subordinate clause
(a) Independent Clause
Independent clauses are sentences in which they stand alone and have a complete sense of meaning.
- They are going to sleep.
- Please help me.
- Sara is reading novels.
(b) Dependent Clause
Dependent clauses are sentences in which the second part of the sentence is dependent on the first part of the sentence.
- Above the tree.
- If he talks loudly.
- She got lost on the way.
Also read: Clauses for class 5
A phrase is a group of words that have a sense of meaning but does not contain any subject for a verb in its sentence.
- He is an intelligent student.
- You had done a good job.
- She is wearing an expensive necklace.
Type of Phrases
(a) Noun Phrase
A noun phrase is a group of words that acts as a noun in a sentence.
- Mr. Sehrawat is a good teacher.
- Rani went to a market yesterday.
- They are having fun together.
(b) Adjective Phrase
An adjective phrase is a group of words that acts as an adjective by describing nouns.
- She is very smart girl.
- Alex write a letter to her mother.
- They perform a good task.
(c) Adverb Phrase
Adverb phrase is a group of words that adverb by modifying verb or action in a sentence.
- He shouted him on loudly.
- They had arrived early.
- Her mother is driving carefully.
(d) Prepositional Phrase
A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and a noun phrase.
- The cat is sleeping among the flowers.
- Naina is sitting between her friend.
- The rat move under the bed.
(e) Verb Phrase
A verb phrase is a phrase in which it express time or the action done in a sentence.
- Mira must attend her friend wedding.
- They are waiting since a long time.
- Baby is sleeping on the bed.
Also read: Phrases for class 5
21. Direct and Indirect Speech
(a) Direct Speech
Direct speech are the statements or words in which we convey the message exact speaker speaks without any change.
- He said,”I will have dinner outside”.
- Emily asked,” Will you bring a glass of water”.
- He said,” I had come early”.
(b) Indirect Speech
Indirect speech are the words or statement in which we convey the message of a speaker in our own words.
- He said that he will have dinner outside.
- Emily asked that you would bring a glass of water.
- He said that he come early.
Also read: Direct and Indirect Speech for class 5
22. Active and Passive voice
(a) Active Voice
In an active voice, the phrase tells what a person does by performing the action by the subject.
- Myra helped me.
- Naira sung a song.
- He plays cricket.
(b) Passive Voice
In Passive voice, the phrase tells the action is on the subject not by the subject.
- I was helped by Myra.
- A song was sung by Naira.
- A cricket was played by him.
Also read: Active and Passive voice for class 5
A determiner is a word that modified or describe to introduce a noun phrase or pronoun expressions .
Types of Determiners
The words that express as noun is called articles.Examples
- The cat is sleeping on a bed.
- An elephant is so giant and big.
- A mother scolds his son badly.
(b) Demonstrative Determiners
Demonstrative determiners is used at a specific thing to point out something.
- These are my books on the table.
- Is that your purse?
- My friend distributed chocolates to those children.
(c) Distributive Determiners
The distributive determiners refers to the group or an individual in a group.
- Each participant should come early tomorrow.
- There is any idea left to recover it?
- He spends his half vacation playing.
(d) Possessive Determiners
Possessive determiners describe or show possessiveness or belongingness in a sentence.
- He is my closest friend.
- We our watching horror movie.
- She is wearing her favourite dress.
(e) Quantifiers Determiners
Quantifiers determiners refer to the quantity or amount of degree in a sentence.
- He add some sugar in his coffee.
- Monika left little space in her bag.
- She has few coins in her wallet.
(f) Interrogative Determiners
Interrogative determiners refers to direct or indirect question.
- Which is your favourite hobby?
- Whose shoes are these?
- What will you buy from the market?
Also read: Determiners for class 5
24. Synonyms and Antonyms
Synonyms are words that have same or similar meaning to another word.
- Create – generate, make, produce
- Hardworking – diligent, determined, industries, enterprising
- Hate – abhor, loathe, detest, despise
- Honest – honourable, fair, sincere
- Important – required, vital, critical
Antonyms are the words that are opposite to each other and have different meanings.
- Hamper – promote, facilitate
- Humble – proud, assertive
- Prompt – slow, negligent
- Raid – retreat, release
- Vivid – dull, dim
Also read: Synonyms and Antonyms for class 5