English Grammar For Class 4
Learning English Grammar is not as hard as students think. With the help of this post, the students studying in class 4 will be in a better stage to understand and learn English Grammar For Class 4.
This page includes all the topics mentioned in the syllabus of English Grammar for class 4. We will provide a detailed understanding of the topic with the help of examples, worksheets, and PDFs (giving a complete overview of the topic). This blog will help you to learn English Grammar effectively and without difficulty.
1. The Sentence
Definition: A group of words that are joined together and make a meaningful statement is called a sentence.
- The thief was caught by the police.
- She is listening to music.
There are three types of sentences which are as follows:-
(a) Simple Sentence
A simple sentence is a sentence which contains one subject and one predicate and one finite verb in its sentences.
- She refuses to meet his friend.
- You will be punished if you not completed your work.
- She is wearing a beautiful dress.
(b) Compound Sentence
A sentence which contains two independent clauses together is called compound sentence.
- I like grapes but she like oranges.
- He wanted to eat a burger yet his father but pizza for him.
- I washed vegetables and then start cutting.
(c) Complex Sentence
A sentence which contains one independent and one dependent clause is called complex sentence.
- He did not get good marks because he did not learn.
- Wait for her unless he comes back.
- Shreya came home when it was raining.
Read more about Sentences ………………
2. Subject and Predicate
Subject:-The sentence which tells the subject by whom and who is performing the action in the sentence it may be a noun pronoun or thing.
Predicate:- The sentence tells the action done by the subject or what the subject does.
Example:- The Kids are playing in the park.
In the above sentence, you can see that the Kids are the subject as the kids are performing the action and the predicate is our playing in the park as this action is done by children.
Read more about Subject And Predicate………………
The noun is the name of a person a place a thing or an idea in a phrase or a sentence.
- She is going to meet Rosy.
- Maya shifted to Punjab.
- She is an honest girl.
There are four types of nouns:-
(a) Common noun
A noun that refers to the common names of a person, place, animal, or thing is called common noun.
- My brother bought me a book yesterday.
- The students are going for a picnic.
- The dog is barking at an old woman.
(b) Proper Noun
A noun which refers to the proper or definite name of a person, place, animal, or thing is called Proper noun.
- Peter is a good player.
- He shifted to Pune in the last two years.
- Aly and Pihu are childhood friends.
(c) Collective Noun
A noun refers to a person, place, thing, or animal collectively in a group is called collective noun.
- On the table there kept a basket of fruits.
- The team won the championship.
- A bunch of keys were lost by him.
(d) Abstract Noun
A noun that refers to a quality of an idea that we cannot see or touch is an abstract noun.
- He is very curious about his result.
- Her father is very strict about her studies.
- She does not trust her friend.
4. Singular and Plural
Singular:- A noun that stands for only one person place or thing or animal.
- The boy is sitting on the chair.
- The key fell down the stairs.
- She ate an apple.
Plural:- A noun that stands for more than one person, place, thing, or animal.
- The girls are dancing in the stadium.
- The birds are flying in the sky.
- The boys are playing cricket.
Read more about Singular and Plural………………
A pronoun is a word that substitutes a noun phrase for a noun expression from a sentence. I, we, you, my, your, and ours are pronouns.
- They are watching a movie.
- Her favorite bag is lost.
- He is my best friend.
There are four types of pronouns which are as follows:-
(a) Personal Pronoun
A pronoun that refers to a specific person, group, or object is called a personal pronoun.
- He is very kind towards his friend.
- She is wearing a beautiful gown.
- The teacher gave me some chocolate today.
(b) Possessive Pronoun
A pronoun that refers to show ownership or belongingness to someone or something is called possessive pronouns.
- You lost my book.
- His favorite game is chess.
- This book is mine.
(c) Interrogative Pronouns
The Pronouns which are used to ask direct questions are called interrogative pronouns.
- Whose book is lost?
- When will you submit your file?
- When you will go on the trip?
(d) Distributive Pronouns
The Pronouns that refers to person or thing one at a time is called distributive Pronouns
- Each student is going to the movie.
- None of them is interested in role-play.
- Does any book left in the room?
Read more about Pronouns………………
The articles are used before the nouns, things, or people. “A”, “An”, and “The” are articles.
Types of articles:-
(a) Indefinite articles
1. Use of ‘a’
- A boy was scolded by the teacher.
- She bought a ring for her mother.
- She wears a beautiful dress.
2. Use of ‘an’
- Rama buy an umbrella yesterday.
- He ate an Apple daily.
- He is an Honest boy.
(b) Definite article
1. Use of ‘the’
- A man is standing near the shop.
- The boy falls down the stairs.
- The child is playing a game.
Read more about Articles………………
The words and phrases in all sentences describe the action done, the experience felt, and the situation in the sentence.
- She is eating dinner.
- They are playing basketball.
- The little boy is crying.
Kinds of verbs
1. Transitive Verbs
A transitive verb refers to the person or thing that performs an action and contains an object.
- The bird flies in the sky.
- The boy is playing cricket in the park.
- He is swimming in the pool.
2. Intransitive Verbs
An intransitive verb does not require any object to complete the meaning of the sentence.
- She is crying.
- The boy fell down.
- She is writing.
3. Auxiliary Verbs
Verbs that support the main verb in a sentence are called auxiliary verbs.
- Her dress is beautiful.
- We are going shopping.
- It is very cheap.
4. Modal Verbs
It is an auxiliary verb that shows possibility, ability, intent, etc.
- She will cook food for everyone today.
- Vishal shall complete his work on time.
- She shall be ready now to go to the party.
The words denote time and event or action took place that occurred in the past, occurs in the present, or will occur in the future.
Types of tenses
(a) Simple Past Tense
A simple past tense is used to describe an action that occurs on regular basis.
- They had submit the file yesterday.
- Priya and Neha were playing in the park in the morning.
- She has completed all her work.
(b) Simple Present Tense
Simple past tense is used to express an action that got over at a definite time in the past.
- She has been going to watch a movie.
- There are so many people in the hall.
- He is eating chocolate.
(c) Simple Future Tense
A simple future tense is used to express an action that will happen in the future or immediately on the spot.
- We will go to a party tomorrow.
- The teacher will announce a prize for the winner.
- She shall complete it.
An adverb is a phrase, a word, or a sentence that modifies the verb in the given sentence or the action done.
- She will meet me soon.
- The box is inside the room.
- She is never late for her work.
Types of adverbs
(a) Adverb of Manner
An adverb that tells us how or in what manner does an action is performed is called an adverb of manner.
- The boy looks angrily at his friend.
- He always read loudly the story books.
- She walked quickly to catch the bus.
(b) Adverb of Place
An adverb that tells us the place in an action is called an adverb of place.
- The cat runs outside the house.
- The children are playing upstairs.
- The shop is nearby the market.
(c) Adverb of Degree
An adverb that describes the intensity of an action or an adjective or adverb is known as an adverb of degree.
- She perfectly completes her daily tasks.
- The teacher badly scolds the child.
- She is having lots of chocolate in her pocket.
(d) Adverb of Time
An adverb that tells us the time an action is called adverb of time.
- We had gone to the party yesterday.
- Today the school remains closed for nonparticipants.
- Tomorrow there is a party in my office.
(e) Adverb of Frequency
An adverb which tell us how often an action occurs is called an adverb of frequency.
- He always completes his work regularly.
- She normally allowed her child to the party.
- He frequently completes her work.
A word phrase or a sentence that joins together connects together and makes pairs are called a conjunction.
- She is ready for the party but her father did not allow her.
- They hardly complete their when the teacher arrives.
- Neither he nor his mother will go to the party.
Kinds of conjunction
(a) Coordinating Conjunction
The conjunctions that connect two independent clauses together are called coordinating conjunctions.
- He wanted to go on a trip but his parents did not allow him.
- He worked very hard yet he did not clear the exam.
- She is writing or learning.
(b) Subordinating Conjunction
The conjunctions that are connected by one independent clause and one dependent Clause are called subordinating conjunction.
- The child will not go until his brother will come.
- He was punished because his work is incomplete.
- She had gone to the fair and enjoys it a lot.
(c) Correlative Conjunction
The conjunctions that connect together in a sentence is called correlative conjunction.
- Either Rohan or his friend had come to school.
- Susan is both intelligent and beautiful.
- Neither she nor her friend will come.
Read more about Conjunctions………………
A preposition is a word that shows a relationship between a noun and another verb in a sentence or phrase.
- Her birthday is coming in July.
- She scores below-average marks.
- He is going upstairs.
Types of prepositions
(a) Preposition of Time
The preposition that are used to indicate the time of an action is called the preposition of time.
- She woke up at 9:00 a.m. today.
- Her birthday is coming in July.
- She is going on holiday on Sunday.
(b) Preposition of Place
The preposition which indicates the place where something is located is called the preposition of place.
- The old lady is sitting under a tree.
- The shop is near the house.
- He is waiting outside for him.
(c) Preposition of Direction
The preposition which indicates the direction of something is called a preposition of direction.
- The cat is moving around the table.
- The man is going towards the park.
- The kite flies up in the sky.
Read more about Prepositions………………
Punctuation is the mark that makes writing clear and easy to understand and learn it.
Types of punctuation
(a) The full stop (.)
- He is going to market.
- The police arrested the thief.
- His team won the match today.
- He likes to play badminton, tennis, and cricket.
- Well, he may come in the evening.
- “Let go and enjoy vacations,” said Rahul.
(c) Question Mark(?)
- What he is doing nowadays?
- Is Aly clear in his exam?
- Who is in your room?
(d) The exclamation Mark (!)
- Ouch! It hurts my leg.
- Shh! He is studying for an exam.
- Bravo! We complete our today’s task.
Read more about Punctuations………………
An adjective describes or provides more information about the person, place, or thing.
- She is a beautiful woman.
- It is very difficult to do it.
- They are good friends.
Types of adjective
(a) Adjective of Quality
An adjective that describes the quality of a noun is called an adjective of quality.
- This dress is very beautiful.
- The necklace is so expensive.
- She wears new shoes.
(b) Proper Adjectives
Adjectives that are formed from proper nouns are called Proper Nouns.
- My name is Jimmy.
- Its favorite food is Italian.
- She is going to Chandigarh.
(c) Adjective of Quantity
An adjective that show the amount of degree of something is called an adjective of quantity.
- Riya asked for some rice from his mother.
- Only a few people are allowed in the stadium.
- She had lots of toffees in her bag.
(d) Adjective of Number
An adjective that shows or tells us the order in a series is called an adjective of a number.
- He ate two chocolates.
- Riya got the first position in role play.
- She bought one pair of shoes today.
(e) Demonstrative Adjective
An adjective that helps point out something about people and things is called a demonstrative adjective.
- These chocolates are mine.
- Is that your purse?
- Those are going to the mall for shopping.
(f) Possessive Adjectives
An adjective that shows ownership and belongingness to something is called possessive adjective.
- Her leg got hurt by the table.
- This is my favorite place.
- His wallet is lost.
(g) Interrogative Adjectives
An adjective that helps to ask the question is called interrogative adjective.
- Whose bag is stolen?
- What had to do now to complete the project?
- Whom are you taking about?
Read more about Adjectives………………
A phrase word or a sentence used to express the sudden emotions immediately on the feelings, reactions, thoughts, or an idea. Hello!, Hush!, Shh!, Alas!, Bravo! are some interjections.
- Hurray! We won the match.
- Bravo! He passed the exam.
- Ouch! It hurts my leg.
Kinds of interjections
(a) Interjection of Greeting
The interjection of greeting is used to express or to greet a person or concern about someone.
- Hello! Is anyone inside there in the room?
- Hey! Can you tell me about this place?
- Good morning! to all present here.
(b) Interjection of Joy
The interjection of joy is used to express the sudden feeling of happiness and joy.
- Yippee! we are going to a fair.
- Hurray! We won the first prize.
- Yeah! She gave me two chocolates.
(c) Interjection of Sorrow
The interjection of sorrow is used to express the feeling over some bad that happened on a bad moment.
- Ouch! My leg is paining.
- Ah! The ball hit my knee.
- Alas! He was hit by the car.
(d) Interjection of Surprise
The interjection of surprise is used to express an intense sudden surprise over news or an incident.
- What! You had broken his chain.
- Oh! These shoes are so expensive.
- Wow! What a lovely dress.
(e) Interjection of Approval
An interjection of approval is used to express an acceptance or to agree on something.
- Bravo! He won the quiz.
- Brilliant! You had done a good job.
- Yes! It was very interesting.
(f) Interjection of Attention
An interjection of attention is used to express the concentration for awareness of someone.
Listen! You had to complete your work now.
Hush! The Baby is sleeping.
Oh! He is calling him outside the room.
Read more about Interjection………………
Modal is the special group of verbs used to express ability, permission, suggestion, possibility, and intention.
Modals used are as follows:
(a) Use of Can
- He can go to the market after completing his homework.
- She can write a letter to her friend.
- She can go now to have dinner.
(b) Use of Could
- He could run fast than him.
- There could be more improvement if you study.
- She could complete it on time.
(c) Use of Shall
- Vinay shall help him in her work.
- She shall meet his friend.
- They shall be ready now.
(d) Use of Should
- He should complete his work on time.
- You should leave now for home.
- She should change her dress.
(e) Use of Will
- The children will go to the park in the evening.
- She will help you to make dinner today.
- He will complete his tasks today.
(f) Use of Would
- He would go to school by van.
- They would go to a movie today.
- It would be a pleasant surprise for you.
(g) Use of Need
- She needs to take rest.
- He needs to complete his all task on time.
- She needs help to complete it.
(h) Use of May
- It may rain today.
- She may like the taste of food.
- He may come today in the evening.
(i) Use of Must
- He must pass the exam.
- She must reach home by 6 p.m.
- She must learn to cook food.
(j) Use of Might
- He might come today.
- She might clear the exam.
- They might be friends of each other.
16. Parts of speech
Parts of speech are the words that divide Grammarly into different words and indicate the functions performed in a clause or a statement.
There are types of speech
It is the naming word that is used as the name of a person place animal thing in a sentence.
- Riya and Saira good friends.
- My mother is cooking food for everyone.
- She is wearing a pink beautiful dress.
A pronoun is a word that is used in a place of of a noun expression or a noun phrase.
- They are standing outside waiting for you.
- He is a brave boy in the class.
- Her mother necklace is lost in the party.
Adjectives are the words that describe or indicate noun or pronoun and gave more information about them.
- This page is so soft.
- Naina is an hard working girl.
- Pihu wears a beautiful red gown in the party.
An adverb is a verb that describe an action going in this sentence.
- He will meet him soon as possible.
- He complete all his work silently.
- Her mother talks very politely to the children.
The words which refer to the action are doing words in a sentence is called verbs.
- Children are playing in the backyard.
- Reema is listening to the sad songs.
- Today the bus arrived late for the school.
Preposition are the words that joints now not pronoun and indicate them with other things in sentence.
- The cat is sleeping under the table.
- The kite fly high above in the sky.
- Mahak house is near the clinic.
The conjunctions are the words or a phrase that are join together and connect together to make a meaningful sentence.
- Mehak and Jyoti will come in the party.
- Neendhariya aur Siya had come to school.
- He has failed in her exam, yet playing outside.
Interjections are the sudden expressions or reactions or feelings.
- Ouch! The ball hit me.
- Hurrah! My sister team won the match.
- Alas! He failed in exams.
Read more about Parts of speech……………..
17. Prefixes and Suffixes
Prefix is a set of letters or words that is added in the beginning of word to form a new word.
- Happy – unhappy
- Conscious – unconscious
- Graceful – disgraceful
- Polar – tripolar
- Power- overpower
Suffix is a set of letters or words that are added in the end of a word to change its meaning.
- Pain – painful
- Strength – strengthen
- Rude – rudeness
- Emotion – emotional
- Social – socialism
Read more about Prefix and Suffix………………
18. Antonyms and synonyms
Synonyms are the words that are similar or have same meaning to the given word.
- End – finish, conclude, terminate, stop
- Fair – Just, Impartial, biased
- Place – space , spot, area
- Quite – respect, calm, silent
- Take – hold, catch, grasp
Antonyms are the words that have opposite meanings.
- Blunt – keen , sharp
- Raid – retreat, release
- Mutual – seprate, distinct
- Indifferent – partial, biased
- Hamper- promote, facilitate
Read more about Antonyms and synonyms……………….
19. Noun Gender
(a) Masculine gender
A noun which is used for a male person or male animal is called masculine gender.
(b) Feminine gender
A noun Which is used for a female person or a female animal is called feminine gender.
(c) Common gender
A noun which refer to both male and female is called common gender.