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Definition: Verb Mood is the mode or method by which a verb is used to express a particular action.
3 types of verb mood
There are three kinds of moods in English namely:
- Indicative Mood
- Imperative Mood
- Subjunctive Mood
A verb (types of the verb with examples) which is used to make a statement of fact, a question or a supposition is known as Indicative Mood.
Examples: We practice music daily.
Aristotle is a Greek Philosopher.
My sister likes Skating.
Examples: Have you posted the letter?
Are you angry with me?
Do you like me?
Examples: If you are a graduate, you shall given the post.
If it rains, we shall stop the work.
If you ask me, I shall given it to you.
A verb (also read: Types of Verbals) which is used to express a command, an advise or an entreaty is known as an Imperative Mood.
Examples: Get me a taxi!
Close the door!
Open the window!
Example: Be kind to the poor!
Be polite to the strangers.
Try to be honest.
- An entreaty
Example: Could you type this letter?
May I park my car here?
Will you please open the window?
Note: Let is used for advice in first and third person.
Example: Let me help you.
Let us go there.
Let him speak.
Note: The subject ‘you’ is omitted in Imperative Mood.
Example: Post this letter. (you post this letter)
A verb which is used to express a wish, hope, desire, intention or resolution in noun clause in the present and immobility in the past is known as the Subjunctive Mood.
Forms of the Subjunctive Mood
|The Verb be||Other Verbs|
|I be||I like|
|We be||We like|
|You be||You like|
|He be||He likes|
|They be||They like|
|The Verb Be||Other Verbs|
|I were||I liked|
|We were||We liked|
|You were||You liked|
|He were||You liked|
|They were||They liked|
The Present Subjunctive
It is used in traditional expressing a wish of hope.
Example: Long live the queen!
May God save the Country!
May haven help you!
- In noun clauses expressing desire, intention and resolution.
Example: It is suggested that a flyover be built across the railway track.
We recommended that the manager be dismissed from service.
We proposed that a committee be appointed to look into the matter.
The Past Subjunctive
- After the verb ‘wish’
Examples: She wishes she were a beauty queen.
We wish we were in Delhi.
I wish I stayed at home.
- It is used after if to express improbability or unreality in the present.
Examples: If we went there, we could see her.
If I knew English, I could go to America.
If we had money, we could live in a large house.
- After ‘as if’ and ‘as though’
Examples: He orders me as if I were his brother.
She talks as though she were a queen.
He spends as if he were a rich man.
- After the phrase, it is time + past tense to indicate that it is already late.
Examples: It is time we went there.
It is time I wrote to her.
It is time they stopped work.
- After the phrases would rather + subject to indicate preference.
Examples: I would rather you applied for the post.
I would rather you discontinued your studies.
She would rather he lived with his parents.
Verb Mood Exercise/Worksheet
Correct the following sentences (learn types of sentences):
Find the error in the sentence and correct them.
- If I have money, I would lend you.
- If Padma had asked me, I could give it her.
- It is time we realized the value of time.
- It is time she return home.
- It is time we leave the office.
- If I know her address, I would write to her.
- If they will help me, I shall be happy.
- She walks as if she is a qualified doctor.
- She talks as though she is a film star.
- I would rather you stop smoking.
- I would rather you give up your studies.
- If you are Agra, you could watch the Taj Mahal.
- I wish I see her again.
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