Use of Articles with Adjectives
Now, we discuss some important use of articles with adjectives
Definition: (Adjective can be defined as a word that modifies a noun or pronoun. In other words, an adjective is a word used with a noun or pronoun to add something to its meaning)
Use #1 Before Superlative
‘The’ is often used before superlative degree.
- He is the best student in our class
- She is the most beautiful girl in the town.
Note: Article ‘A/An’ can also be used if talk about one out of many nouns qualified by superlative adjectives.
Example: This is a most useful book needed for competitive exams.
Use #2 Before Comparative degree
‘The’ is used before the comparative degree, when two comparative degrees are shown to be directly or inversely proportional to each other.
- The more electricity you use, the higher your bill will be.
- The higher you rise, the greater the fall.
Use #3 If one out of two is chosen
If one out of two is chosen, a comparative degree is used preceded by ‘the’ and followed by ‘of’.
- He is the stronger of the two players.
- He is the better of the two wrestlers.
But if one out of many are chosen, a comparative degree is used, preceded by ‘the’ and followed by ‘of’.
Example: She is the best of all the players.
Use #4 Before adjectives
When ‘The’ is used before adjectives like honest, rich, poor, meek, etc., it denotes the entire class and becomes plural common noun. Such nouns take plural verbs.
- The honest are always rewarded.
- The rich exploit the poor.
- The young and the old, the poor and the rich, all demand corruption-free India.
Use #5 When Noun qualifies Proper noun
When any adjective or a noun qualifies a proper noun, article ‘the’ is used with the proper noun (read articles with Noun)
- Ashoka, the great.
- The great Akbar.
- Napoleon, the warrior.
Use #6 Ordinal numbers
‘The’ is used before Ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.) Cardinal numbers such as one, two, three do not take any article before them.
- Chapter two of this book is very difficult.
- The second chapter of this book is very difficult.
- Volume one is on Grammar.
- The first volume is on Grammar.
Use #7 Before Adjective like Same, whole, all, both
‘The’ is used before an adjective ‘same’ and ‘whole’ and after ‘all’ and ‘both’
- He is the same boy that met me in the market.
- The whole period was wasted.
When article ‘a’ or ‘the’ is used (Read Articles a, an, the)with few and little, the sentence takes a different meaning.
A few: Not equivalent to zero.
Few: Equivalent to zero but not equal zero.
The few: All that is available.
A little: Not equivalent to nothing
Little: Equivalent to noting but not equal to nothing
The little: All that is available
If so, as, too, how and quite are used before adjectives, A/An is used if the noun that follows the adjective is singular.
- It is too heavy a box for me to carry.
- Rohit is not so big a businessman as you think.