Strong Verb and Weak Verb

Verbs are divided into two classes on the basis of the method by which they form the past tense from the present, namely:

  1. Strong Verbs.
  2. Weak Verbs

Strong Verb and weak verb

Strong Verbs

Verbs which form their past tense by simply changing the vowel without adding ‘ed’, ‘d’ or ‘t’ are called strong verbs.

Examples

Present Past
ComeCame
WriteWrote
SpeakSpoke
GoWent
GiveGave
AriseArose
SeeSaw
BeingBegan
KnowKnew
GrowGrew
DrinkDrank

Weak Verbs

Verbs which form their past tense by adding ‘ed’, ‘d’ or ‘t’ to the present are known as weak verbs.

Examples

PresentPast
WalkWalked
WantWanted
SpendSpent
BringBrought
CatchCaught
TeachTaught
LaughLaughed
BelieveBelieved
SellSold
BuyBought
SeekSought

How to find out weak verb

  • A verb which has ‘d’ or ‘t’ in the past is a weak verb.
PresentPast
BelieveBelieved
BurnBurnt
FleeFled
SellSold
ThinkThought
CatchCaught
  • Verb ending with ‘d’ which turn into ‘t’ are weak verbs.
Present Past
BendBent
Lend Lent
SpendSpent
BuildBuilt
SendSent
  • Verbs ending with ‘d’ or ‘t’ which shorten the vowel in the past are weak verbs.
Present Past
BleedBled
FeedFed
MeetMet
ShootShot
BreedBred
LeadLed
SpeedSped
PresentPast
Castcast
HitHit
LetLet
RidRid
ShedShed
SplitSplit
ThrustThrust
CutCut
HurtHurt
PutPut
SetSet
ShutShut
SpreadSpread

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Weak and strong verb list pdf





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