Paronyms and Homonyms

Hi, welcome back with a new post, here we discuss Paronyms and homonyms in English grammar, what is the difference between, and how to identify them. this post is for all who are in class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, for ssc students, for kids.

What are Paronyms?

Definition: These are defined as the words which are different in meaning or use but are similar in form of derivations, such words are called Paronyms. That means they are similar in meanings but different in pronouncing.

What is Homonyms?

Definition: These are defined as the word which are similar in their sound or pronouncing but different in meaning. Such words are called Homonyms. They are also called Homophones (differ in spell and mean but pronounced like). In modern English, they are not much distinguished.

Difference between Paronyms and Homonyms

Difference between Paronyms and Homonyms

Why it is necessary to understand Paronyms and Homonyms?

Confusion is often caused in understanding the meaning of certain words because they are either similar in meaning and form or similar in their sound of pronunciation. To overcome this problem we have two categories in which we can divide words on the basis of their

  1. Meaning and
  2. Pronouncing.

Some important examples of Paronyms and Homonyms.

Here we have 15 examples of Paronyms and Homonyms.

  1. Wrest – (snatch by force) The enemy wrested his gun and killed him.
    Rest – (peace) Please go and take rest now.
  2. Symbol – (sign, to represent something) Vinoba Bhave was a symbol of simplicity and honest.
    Cymbal – (a musical instrument) The melodious sound of the cymbals impressed every body.
  3. Rapt – (fully attentive) They listened to the speech of the Prime Minister with rapt attention.
    Wrapt – (lost in, absorbed) She did not notice my arrival as she was wrapt in her thoughts.
  4. Special – (specific) He came here on a special mission to bring about reconciliation between the two parties.
    Especial – (to a great degree) It is especially hot these days.
  5. Statue – (figure of animal, man in stone or wood) The statue of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was unveiled by the Prime Minister of India.
    Statute – (law passed by lawmaking bodies) The statute was passed by the Parliament unanimously.
  6. Temperance – (moderation inhabits) We should observe temperance in eating and drinking habits because it leads to a healthy way of life.
    Temperament – (disposition, nature) Always keep from persons of choleric temperament.
  7. Raise – (increase) The traders have raised the prices of food grains.
    Raze – (wipe out) All the huts of the poor were razed to the ground as they needed land to build a five-star hotel.
  8. Access – (approach) It is very difficult to have an access to the President of United Kingdom.
    Accession – (coming to throne) The accession of the Prince to the throne was welcomed by the people.
  9. Barbaric – (savage, simple) She was selected to play the part of a village damsel because of her barbaric beauty.
    Barbarous – (inhuman) The Muslim invaders were barbarous in their wars.
  10. Confident – (certain, sure) I am very confident of my friend’s success in the interview.
    Confidant – (one who shares a secret) Once his confidant, now David is the arch-enemy of his mentor.
  11. Drought – (lack of rain) Last year most of the areas of  Miramar suffered from a severe drought.
    Draught – (current of wind, quantity of liquid) A draught of cool wind was very refreshing.
  12. Egotist – (one who talks a lot of oneself) It is difficult to stand the company of an egotist.
    Egoist – (one who believes in self-interest, proud) An egoist is moved only by self-interest while helping others.
  13. Forgo – (give up) Parents forgo their own comforts for the sake of their children.
    Forego – (go before) This point has been dealt with in detail in the foregoing passage.
  14. Hail – ( belong to, welcome, frozen rain) Those hailing fro Bangladesh are living illegally in this country.
    Hale – (healthy) He is hale and hearty and enjoys life to his fill.
  15. Ingenious  – (skillful, clever) She devised an ingenious scheme to hoodwink the police.
    Ingenuous – (frank, innocent) Children are liked for their ingenious nature.

Also read

Paronyms and Homonyms PDF

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