Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Here is an Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam in just 300, 500 -1000 words.

Dr. Abdul Kalam died on 27 July 2015 at Shilong India.

Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam in 300 words

India is a republic country. As per the rules a republic country has a president. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is the eleventh President of our country.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, at Rameshwaram in Madras State to parents Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma. He belonged’ to a middle-class family. He earned his first wages by selling tamarind seeds and newspapers at the age of eight.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam completed his graduation from Joseph College in Tiruchirapalli. In 1958 Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam started his professional career in Defence Research and Development Organization.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. (DRDO). Later on, in 1963 he joined Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and became the chief instructor of the SLV-3 project. The experiment on various missiles Agni, Akash, Prithvi, Naag. Trishul etc. was done in the supervision of Dr. Kalam. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his great service and contribution to the country.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam political carrier. On 18th July 2002, he was elected President of India. He took the oath of office on 25th July 2002. After taking an oath, he addressed the nation with the theme of making the country a developed one as soon as possible. He has a dream of making India a developed country.

In fact, our president is broad-minded. We hope that he will be able to make our country more strong and developed.

Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul kalam in 300 words 

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Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul kalam in 500 words

Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Dhanushkodi, Tamil Nadu, to a working-class Tamil Muslim family. He received his degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1958. After graduation, he joined India`s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to work on a hovercraft project. In 1962, Kalam moved to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), where his team successfully launched several satellites. He made a significant contribution as Project Director to develop Indian`s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully placed the Rohini space satellite into near-earth orbit in July 1980.

In 1982, Kalam returned to DRDO as Director, focusing on Indigenous guided missiles. He was responsible for the development and operationalization of the AGNI and PRITHVI missiles. This earned him the sobriquet “India`s missile man”. He also helped in the formulation of healthcare products using technology developed for missiles.

In July 1992, Kalam became a Scientific Advisor to India`s Defence Minister. As the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Indian Government, he held the rank of the Cabinet Minister. His work led to the successful Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, which reiterated India`s position as a nuclear-weapon state. Kalam was also the Chairman, Ex-officio, of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C) and piloted the “India Millennium Mission 2020”.

Kalam later took up academia as a Professor of Technology & Societal Transformation at Anna University, Chennai from November 2001 and was involved in teaching and research tasks. Above all, he took up a mission to ignite the young minds for national development by meeting young school students across the country. Kalam was elected the 11th President of India and took office on July 25, 2002.

Kalam has the unique distinction of having received honorary doctorates from at least thirsty universities, as also India`s three highest civilian honors: the Padma Bhushan in 1981; the Padma Vibhushan in 1990; and the Bharat Ratna in 1997. He has recently refused an honorary doctorate from University, stating he is satisfied with the ones he has earned with his hard work and determination.

His book “India 2020” strongly advocates an action plan to develop India into a knowledge superpower and into a developed nation by the year 2020. Kalam is credited with the view that India ought to take a more assertive stance in international relations; he apparently regards his work on India`s nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India`s place as a future superpower.

Kalam continues to take an active interest in other to develop in the field of science and technology as well. He has proposed a research programme for developing over proprietary solutions and believes that the use of open-source software over source software on a large scale will bring more people the benefits of information technology.

Kalam has been the subject of vicious criticism from leftists in the India press, Praful Bidwai being among his staunchest critics.

When his name was proposed for the Presidency, a sustained campaign was carried out alleging he was not a devout enough Muslim and was portrayed as a hardline nationalist. In Characteristic humanity, he ignored this criticism to sShort paragraph on A.P.J Abdul kalam

Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul kalam

subsequently emerge one of the most popular Presidents, who has raised the prestige of the Presidency to new heights. He also emerged as a leading candidate for the youth icon award in MTV conducted the poll.

He has also been widely criticized for giving his assent for the dissolution of Bihar assembly in the middle of the night without holding any serious discussion with a legal experts. This can be attributed to the limited power that the Constitution of India confers on the president.

The president can either give his consent to a bill or send the bill back to the Lok Sabha for review. If the Lok Sabha again sends the bill to the president, he has no other option but to give his consent.

Kalam comes from the Marakkar community from Southern India, a non-Urdu speaking community.

His idea of India`s interests is modernist and nationalistic. This stands in contrast to the articulation of India`s interests by different groups across India`s political spectrum. The Congress and its related formations derived their idea of national interest from the ideas expressed by Jawaharlal Nehru that see India as a historic entity that must stand at the forefront of nations that have won their independence during the 20th century from the colonial power and are trying to create with the regulated economic system.

The communist parties of India and its allies see India as an entity of the 20th century and temporary creation of the current capitalist phase of human society that should someday be a part of a worldwide classless and nationless socialist economy that is the final inevitable endpoint of human progress.

The Hindu nationalists Bharatiya Janata Party sees India as an entity inspired by its Hindu heritage that is required to recapture its once glorious position on the world stage, with its current structure of a Nation Stage being a modern requirement. Kalam’s views are inspired party by Nehru`s ideas and those articulated by Hindu nationalists and he attempts to draw the best from both.

While rejecting Nehru`s role for India as a spokesperson of other nations with perceived common interests, his view also rejects the Hindu nationalist’s idea of a national identity based on religious heritage. Kalam’s point of view, however, make no room whatsoever for the Indian left’s idea of India. This may be a reason why leftists journalists in India have criticized him.

Kalam’s belief in the power of technology to resolve society’s problems and his views of these problems as a result of the inefficient distribution of resources is modernistic. He also sees science and technology as ideology-free areas and emphasized the cultivation of scientific temper and entrepreneurial drive.

In this, he finds a lot of support among India’ new business leaders like the founders of Infosys and Wipro who began their careers as technology professionals much in the same way Kalam did.

Kalam observes strict personal discipline, practicing vegetarianism, teetotalism and celibacy. Kalam is a scholar of Tirukkural; in most of his speeches, he quotes at least one kural.

Kalam has written several inspirational books, most notably his autobiography Wings of Fire, Aimed at motivating Indian youth. Another of his books, Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life reveals his spiritual side. It has been reported that there is considerable demand in South Korea for translated versions of books authored by him.

1 thought on “Essay on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, 300, 500 words”

  1. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, a scientist and India’s 11th President, was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, in a Tamil Muslim family. He came from a humble background and started working at an early age to support his family. After completing school, Dr Kalam distributed newspapers to financially contribute to his father Jainulabudeen, who was a boat owner.

    >> He studied physics at the St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, from where he graduated in 1954 and did Aerospace Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai in 1960.

    >> Dr Kalam joined Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist and started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Dr Vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist. In 1969, he was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed Rohini satellite near earth’s orbit in July 1980.

    >> He is popularly known as the ‘Missile Man of India’ for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He played a pivotal role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998.

    >> Dr Kalam was elected the President of India in 2002. During his term as the President, from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007, he was affectionately known as the People’s President. Dr Kalam was the third President to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna, before becoming the President, the earlier two were Dr Sarvapali Radhakrishnan (1954) and Dr Zakir Hussain (1963). He was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Government.

    >> Among the many books written by Dr Kalam, few of them are: Wings of Fire: An Autobiography in 1999, Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within in 2002, Target 3 Billion in 2011 and My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions in 2013. Dr Kalam advocated plans to develop India into a developed nation by 2020 in his book India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium in 1998.

    >> Dr Kalam is known for his motivational speeches and interaction with the student community in India. Some of the inspiring quotes by him are:

    “Thinking is progress. Non-thinking is stagnation of the individual, organisation and the country. Thinking leads to action. Knowledge without action is useless and irrelevant. Knowledge with action converts adversity into prosperity.”

    “If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.”

    “We will be remembered only if we give to our younger generation a prosperous and safe India, resulting out of economic prosperity coupled with civilisational heritage.”

    “Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career.”

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