English Grammar For Class 2

English Grammar for Class 2

In this article, we will discuss some basic English grammar concepts suitable for Class 2 students. By the end of this article, your Class 2 student will better understand these grammar concepts, which will help them in their language development. So, let’s get started!

1. Noun

A noun is the name of a person, place, animal or thing.

(a) Name of a Person


  1. Ruhi
  2. Peter
  3. Neha
  4. Alex
  5. Tom

(b) Name of an Animal


  1. Cat
  2. Dog
  3. Lion
  4. Horse
  5. Bear

(c) Name of Place


  1. Ukraine
  2. Pune
  3. Dubai
  4. Germany
  5. Goa

(d) Name of Things


  1. Car
  2. Bat
  3. Ball
  4. Table
  5. Fan

Also read: Noun for Class 2

2. Subject and Predicate

The subject in the sentence tell us whom or what the sentence is about.

The predicate in a sentence tells what the subject do or does in a sentence.


  1. Neha is writing.
  2. Sudeep is working.
  3. Rohan is sleeping.

In the above sentences ‘Neha, Sudeep and Rohan’ are subject.

In these sentencesis writing, is working, is sleeping are the predicate.

Also read: Subject and Predicate for Class 2

3. Common Noun and Proper Noun

A noun is the name of a person, place, animal or thing and divided into two types common noun and proper noun.

(a) Common Noun

A common noun refers to the general name of a person place or things.


  1. Teacher
  2. Table
  3. Book
  4. Mobile
  5. Jug

(b) Proper Noun

A proper noun is the specific name of person place or thing. It is always used in capital letters.


  1. Goa
  2. Monday
  3. Manali
  4. Kiran
  5. August

Also read: Common and Proper Noun for Class 2

4. Use of Is, Am, and Are

When we describe a person or a thing that what is being done in a sentence we use is, am, and are.


  1. She is a good girl.
  2. I am playing cricket.
  3. We are going to picnic.

(a) Is

It is used with third-person singular nouns or pronouns he she and it.


  1. Vaibhav is singing.
  2. The dog is barking.
  3. It is very beautiful.

(b) Am

It is used with the first singular pronoun.


  1. I am going to market.
  2. I am a good student.
  3. I am a hard-working girl.

(c) Are

It is used with third-person plural nouns and Pronouns like they and you.


  1. They are watching a movie.
  2. You are going to the temple.
  3. We are playing football.

Also read: Use of is, am, and are for Class 2

5. Use of Was and Were

Was is used when we talk about place, animal or thing.

(a) Use of Was


  1. It was raining.
  2. She was not well last night.
  3. He was late today.
  4. There was a big fight.
  5. My mother was very angry yesterday.

(b) Use of Were

Were is your when we talk about more than one person place animal or thing.


  1. They were playing together.
  2. Students were absent today.
  3. My friends were going for trip.
  4. Children were happy.
  5. You were standing outside.

Also read: Use of Was and Were for Class 2

6. Verbs

A word that tells us what a person, animal, or thing does in action is called a verb.


  1. Rita is jogging in the park.
  2. Mahi is dancing with a friends.
  3. Ravi is sitting outside the house.
  4. Pihu is watching television.
  5. They are eating breakfast.

Also read: Verbs for Class 2

7. Vowels and Consonants

In the English language, there are 26 alphabets divided into two parts vowels and consonants.

(a) Vowels

Vowels are the letters that produce long sound alphabets.


  1.  Cat
  2. Hat
  3. Mat
  4. Tap
  5. Fan

(b) Consonants

Consonants are letters that do not produce or do not have any long sound.


  1. Tub
  2. Gun
  3. Hen
  4. Egg
  5. Hut

Also read: Vowels and Consonants for Class 2

8. Sentences

When two or more words are join together and form a meaningful statement called a sentence.


  1. There is a bunch of grapes in the basket.
  2. He is driving a car.
  3. She bought a beautiful watch.

A sentence ends with the question mark when we asked question.


  1. Do you like chocolates?
  2. Have you lost your bag?
  3. What is your name?

A sentence also ends with an exclamation mark.

  1. That’s beautiful!
  2. What a design!
  3. Let’s party tonight!

Also read: Sentences for Class 2

9. Articles

Articles are a, an and the that are used before nouns.

(a) Use of A

A is used with a word that is singular and begins with the consonants.


  1. A book
  2. A fan
  3. A table
  4. A bottle
  5. A chair

(b) Use of An

An is used with a word that is singular and begins with vowels.


  1. An orange
  2. An object
  3. An ant
  4. An action
  5. An unique

(c) Use of The

The is used before a specific person or thing.


  1. The man
  2. The boy
  3. The king
  4. The children
  5. The teacher

Also read: Articles for Class 2

10. Pronouns

Pronouns at the words that are used in place of a noun.


  1. He is writing an essay.
  2. They are going for shopping.
  3. It is an animal.
  4. Her best friend is Maya.
  5. She is an intelligent girl.

Also read: Pronouns for Class 2

11. Adjectives

Adjectives are words that describe or tell us more about noun and Pronouns.


  1. Rosy looks pretty.
  2. He asked for a hot tea.
  3. Riya is a good student.
  4. It is pink colour bag.
  5. This is very small insect.

Also read: Adjectives for Class 2

12. Opposite Words

Opposite words have a completely different meaning of the given word.

Opposite words  are also called antonyms.


  1. Before – After
  2. Cold – Hot
  3. Bright – Dim
  4. Up – Down
  5. Less – More

Also read: Opposite Words for Class 2.

13. Gender

Gender refers to male or female.

(a) Masculine Gender

Masculine gender refers to a male person or an male animal.


  1. King
  2. Prince
  3. Lion
  4. Horse
  5. Father

(b) Feminine Gender

Feminine gender refers to a female person or a female animal.


  1. Queen
  2. Princess
  3. Lioness
  4. Mare
  5. Mother

Also read: Gender for Class 2

14. Compound Words

When two or more words are join together to make a new word and convey different meaning is called compound words.


  1. Hot + dog = Hotdog
  2. Good + night = Good night
  3. Grand + father = Grandfather
  4. Him + self = Himself
  5. News + paper = Newspaper

Also read: Compound words for Class 2

15. Rhyming words

Rhyming words about that have same ending with similar pronounced sound.


  1. Cat, bat, hat, sat
  2. Run, bun, fun, nun
  3. Rain, train, pain, chain
  4. Gate, rate, hate, late
  5. Came, game, same, name

Also read: Rhyming Words for Class 2