Active passive voice for class 6

Active and Passive voice with images

Active and Passive voice for class 6, In the picture, we can see a tiger being killed by a hunter. We can describe the picture in two different ways,

Example:

  1. The hunter killed the tiger Or, (Active)
  2. The tiger was killed by the hunter. (Passive)

Both sentences mean the same thing. But in sentence 1, the subject (the hunter ) is the doer of the action (killed). In sentence 2, the subject (the tiger) is the receiver of the action (was killed).

A Verb is said to be in the Active Voice when the person or thing denoted by the subject does not act, but receives the action done by something or someone. The Passive Voice is used when the Subject of the Active voice is unknown, Unimportant or vague (Example: People; they, a person, somebody, etc.)

The  following will help you know how the Passive is formed in different tenses:

  • Simple Present: is/am/are + past participle, e.g.,
    Active: Children like sweets.
    Passive: Sweets are liked by children.
  • Simple Past: Was/were + past participle, e.g.,
    Active: The police caught the thief.
    Passive: The thief was caught by the police.
  • Present Perfect: have/has been + past participle, e.g.,
    Active: Mohan has written this letter.
    Passive: The letter has been written by Mohan’
  • Past Perfect: had been + past participle, e.g.,
    Active: I had taught this girl.
    Passive: The girl had been taught written by Mohan.
  • Present Continuous: was + were being + past participle, e.g.,
    Active: They were making a noise
    Passive: A noise was being made by them.
    We can turn Active into Passive by taking the OBJECT in the ACTIVE Voice and making it the SUBJECT in the PASSIVE Voice.
  • Simple Future: Will be + past participle, e.g.
    Active: I will paint the car.
    Passive:  The car will be painted by me.
  • Future Perfect: Will have been + past participle e.g.
    Active: She will have completed the work.
    Passive: The work will have been completed by her.

Examples of active-passive with tenses

Present Tense

1.Mother cooks food.
Food is cooked by the mother.
2.Lata is singing a song.
A song is being sung by Lata.
3.They have cut all wires.
All wires have been cut by them.
4.Manners make character.
Character is made by manners.
5.Children are plucking flowers in the park
Flowers are being plucked in the park by children.

Active and Passive voice Present tense

Past Tense

1.Gita wrote a letter.
A letter was written by Gita.
2.The Indian Cricket team won the match.
The match was won by the Indian cricket team.
3.Students were making a noise.
A noise was being made by students.
4.Radha had not done her work.
Radha’s work had not been done by her.
5.John gave him a book.
A book was given to him by John.
Or
He was given a book by John.

Active passive voice past tense

Future Tense 

1.I shall write a letter
A letter shall be written by me
2.Sita will help us with money
We shall be helped by Sita with money
3.The teacher will tell us a story
A story will be told to us by the teacher
4.They will approve of our work
Our work shall be approved of by them.
5.The police will arrest the culprits
The Culprits will be arrested by the police.

Active and Passive voice Future tense

Miscellaneous Examples

When the subject is unknown or vague, it remains unexpressed in Passive. The agent Is to require with ‘by’ (Example:)

1.They crowned her queen.
She was crowned queen
2.Someone has stolen my book.
My box has been stolen.
3.They laughed at her.
She was laughed at.
4.One should keep one’s promises.
Promises should be kept.
5.Someone has picked his pocket.
His pocket has been picked.

Solved Examples for active-passive

Change the following sentences into Passive form, choosing from the given options.

(a) Sparrows build nests.

  1. Nests is build by sparrows.
  2. Nests are built by sparrows.
  3. Nests was built by sparrows.
  4. Nests were built by sparrows.

(b) He broke the flower vase.

  1. The flower vase was broken by him.
  2. The flower vase was broken by he.
  3. The flower vase is broken by him.
  4. The glower vase had broken by him

(c) I shall write a letter to her.

  1. A letter shall be written by me to her
  2. A letter is written by her to me.
  3. A letter shall be written by her to me.
  4. A letter shall be written to her by me.

(d) You must do the work at once.

  1. The work must be done by you at once.
  2. The work has to be done by you at once.
  3. The work should be done by you at once.
  4. The work must at once be done by you.

(e) Hari struck Mani with a stick.

  1. Mani is struck by hari with a stick.
  2. Mani must struck with a stick by Hari
  3. Mani was struck by Hari with a stick.
  4. Mani with a stick was struck by Hari.

(f) Post this letter

  1. Let the letter be posted.
  2. This letter is to post.
  3. This letter is posted.
  4. Let me post this letter.

(g) She had not confessed her guilt.

  1. Her guilt was not by her confessed.
  2. Her guilt has been not confessed by her.
  3. Her guilt was not confessed by her.
  4. Her had not been confessed by her.

(h) Who taught her French?

  1. French is taught by whom.
  2. By whom was she taught French?
  3. She is taught French by whom.
  4. By whom has she taught Frenc?

(i) All the girls laughed at her.

  1. She is laughed at by all the girls.
  2. She has been laughed at by all the girls.
  3. She was laughed by all the girls.
  4. She was laughed at by all the girls.

(j) Neha was reading a book

  1. A book is being read by Neha
  2. A book was being read by Neha
  3. The book has been read by Neha
  4. The book must be read by Neha.

Active and Passive voice for class 6

Active and passive voice worksheets for class 6 CBSE

Question 1

Change the following sentences into active form, choosing the appropriate options.

(a) Men have been ruined by gambling.

  1. Gambling have ruined men.
  2. Gambling has ruined men
  3. Gambling had ruined men
  4. Gambling have been ruined men.

(b) A blind man was knocked down by a bus.

  1. A bus knocked down a blind man
  2. A bus was knocked down a blind man.
  3. A bus has knocked down a blind man.
  4. A bus has been knocked down a blind man

(c) I was frightened by her angry look.

  1. Her angry look was frightening me.
  2. Her angry look has frightened me.
  3. Her angry look had frightened me.
  4. Her angry look frightened me.

(d) He was made a General.

  1. Her angry look was frightening me
  2. Her angry look has frightened me.
  3. Her angry look had frightened me.
  4. Her angry look frightened me.

(e) Let this letter be posted.

  1. Post this letter.
  2. Let you post this letter.
  3. Let he post the letter.
  4. This letter let post.

(f) The mouse was caught in a trap.

  1. They have caught the mouse in a trap.
  2. They will be catching the mouse in a trap.
  3. They caught the mouse in a trap.
  4. They had caught the mouse in a trap.

(g) A gift was bought for her by her friend.

  1. Her friend bought a gift for her.
  2. Her friend had bought her a gift.
  3. Her friend buy for her a gift.
  4. Her friend is buying a gift for her.

(h) My purse has been stolen.

  1. Anybody has stolen my purse
  2. Someone steals my purse.
  3. Somebody has stolen my purse.
  4. Someone have stolen my purse.

(i) A new company has been floated.

  1. They have floated a new company
  2. They had been floated a new company
  3. A new company has floated
  4. They have floated a new company

(j) English is spoken all over the world.

  1. People speak english all over the world.
  2. People have spoken english all over the world
  3. All over the world speak English.
  4. All over the world English is spoken.

Questions 2

The following is the procedure of making sandwiches.

  1. Take two slices of bread.
  2. Cut the sides fo the bread with a sharp knife.
  3. Spread butter evenly on one slice of the bread.
  4. Place sliced tomato and cucumber pieces on the bread.
  5. Sprinkle salt and pepper on the slice.
  6. Join the two slices and the sandwich is ready.

Imagine that you have to tell your friends how you made a sandwich. Write the procedure in the Past Passive. You may begin like this:

Two slices of bread were taken. The sides of the bread (a) __________ with a sharp knife. Butter (b) __________ spread evenly on the slice of the bread. Sliced tomato and cucumber pieces (c) __________ on the bread. Salt and pepper (d) __________ on the slice. Then the two slices (e) __________ and the sandwich was ready.

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