Active and Passive voice for class 6

Hello readers, Welcome back to Performdigi, In this article. we are going to discuss active and passive voice for class/grade 6, for better understanding we have provided worksheets and exercises with answers/quiz. After reading this article, you will be able to know active and passive voice completely and how to use it. Let’s get started without any further ado.

1. Active Voice

It is a form of the verb in a sentence in which a subject is a person or thing that acts according up to its verb and can take as a direct object. An active voice is a straightforward sentence hence it is used to deliver the sentences directly. It follows a clear rule (subject + verb + object) to form the sentences.

Examples of active voice:

  1. Hari painted the house.
  2. I read the novel in one day.
  3. The Dean will give you the guidelines.
  4. The cashier gave the money.
  5. Ram cleans the house every Sunday.

As in the above examples, it can be figured out that the subject is directly acting upon its verb, hence they are in the category of active voice.

2. Passive Voice

It is a form of the verb in a sentence in which the subject is acted on by the verb and can’t take as a direct object. The place of object and subject are interchanged in passive voice. It focuses more on the object than the subject. It follows a rule (object + V3 + by + them).

Examples of passive voice:

  1. The house was painted by Hari.
  2. The novel was read by me in one day.
  3. The guidelines will be given by the Dean.
  4. The money was given by the cashier.
  5. The house was cleaned by Ram every Sunday.

As in the above examples of passive voice, it can be seen that the subject is acted on by the verb, hence they are in the category of passive voice.

Rules for changing active voice into passive voice

Let us glance through some rules of changing active voice into the passive voice of different tenses.

1. Simple present, Simple past, and Simple future

The object of active changes to the subject of passive voice.

  1. Object + is/am/are + past participle + by + Subject                 (Simple present)
  2. Object + was/were + past participle + by + Subject                  (Simple past)
  3. Object + will be/ shall be + past participle + Subject                (Simple Future)

Some of the examples of the simple present, simple past, and simple future:

  Active Voice     Passive Voice
I make a pizza. (Simple Present) A pizza is made by me.
He receives a gift.  (Simple Present)A gift is received by him.
They make cakes in the USA.     (Simple Present)Cakes are made by them in the USA.
I wrote an article.  (Simple past)An article was written by me.
I bought a car.   (Simple past)A car was bought by me.
The company hired new employees last year.  (Simple past)New employees were hired by the company
Rashi will sing a song.   (Simple Future)A song will be sung by Rashi.
I will read a book.   (Simple Future)A book will be read by me.
They will write a letter. (Simple Future) A letter will be written by them.

2. Present and Past continuous

The object of active changes to the subject of passive voice.

  1. Object + is/am/are + being + past participle + by + Subject                   (Present Continuous)
  2. Object + was/were + being + past participle + by + Subject                   (Past Continuous)

Some of the examples on present continuous and past continuous:

  Active Voice   Passive Voice
My mother is writing a novel.   (Present Continuous) A novel is being written by my mother.
The children are playing football.  (Present Continuous) Football is being played by the children.
The boys were playing hockey.   (Present Continuous)A stranger is being talked to by my father.
I was reading a novel.  (Past Continuous) A novel is being read by me.
They were disturbing me. (Past Continuous)I was being disturbed by them.
The boys were playing hockey. (Past Continuous) Hockey was being played by the boys.

3. Present Perfect, Past Perfect, and Future Perfect

The object of active changes to the subject of passive voice.

  1. Object + has been/have been + past participle + by + Subject                          (Present Perfect)
  2. Object + had been + past participle + by + Subject                                                (Past Perfect)
  3. Object + will have been + past participle + Subject                                            (Future Perfect)

Some of the examples on present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect:

  Active Voice   Passive Voice
She has finished the work.The work has been finished by her.
You have not paid the water bill.The water bill has not been paid by you.
He has scored thirty runs.Thirty runs have been scored by him.
Active Voice Passive Voice
She has finished the work.The work has been finished by her.
You have not paid the water bill.The water bill has not been paid by you.
He has scored thirty runs.Thirty runs have been scored by him.

There are the following sentences that cannot be written in passive form.

  1. Present Perfect Continuous
  2. Past Perfect Continuous
  3. Future Continuous
  4. Future Perfect Continuous

Miscellaneous Exercise – I on active and passive voice for class 6

Rewrite the active sentences into passive form given below.

  1. Ram did not beat her.
  2. I will never forget this experience.
  3. My mother has made a cake yesterday.
  4. The lion is chasing the deer.
  5. The Police have caught the thief.
  6. Sam opened the door.
  7. The Audience will ask the questions.
  8. She collects the money.
  9. An old man feeds the sparrows.
  10. Rohan will drive the car.

Answers:

  1. She was not beaten by Ram.
  2. This experience will never be forgotten by me.
  3. A case has been made by my mother yesterday.
  4. The deer is being chased by the lion.
  5. The thief has been caught by the police.
  6. The door was opened by Sam.
  7. The questions will be asked by the audience.
  8. The money is collected by her.
  9. The Sparrows were fed by an old man.
  10. The car will be driven by Rohan.

pdf

If you want to download a pdf of English Grammar Active and Passive Voice for Class 6. click on the link given below.

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Active and Passive Voice For class 6

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