Types of sentences in English with example
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Look at the following group of words:
- Called is the ship camel of the desert the
- Night cold blew last wind a
These groups of words do not make any sense. Let us rewrite them as:
- The camel is called the ship of the desert.
- A cold wind blew last night.
Now, these sentences make complete sense.
“A sentence is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. It makes complete sense by itself without depending on any other words or group of words to do so.”
What is a Sentence?
A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. lt contains a subject and a predicate and is able to stand on its own.
Subject: The subject is the word or group of words that tell as to what or whom we are talking about.
Predicate: The predicate is the part of the sentence that makes a statement about the subject as to what the subject is doing or something concerning the subject.
1. Study the following sentences carefully:
|My cat||Has whiskers|
|The Pencil||Is broken|
|The boys||Are playing football|
The above sentences express a complete thought, hence they are called complete sentences. In many sentences, the subjects may comprise just a single word, but more often the subject Consists of two or more words.
Simple Subject and Simple Predicate in the sentence
Every subject in a particular sentence is a particular word around which the sentence is built. This particular word is called the simple subject. It is usually a noun or a pronoun.
Example: The boy fell down.
The main word in the sentence is the word boy; therefore boy is the simple subject.
The other words tell something about the subject and form the predicate. Among the words that make the complete predicate, the words that serve as the key to the predicate is called the simple predicate. It is generally a verb, the most important word in any sentence. In the above sentence, the word fell is the most important as it tells what is happening to the boy.
Compound Subject and Compound Predicate in the sentence
Often we may see that a sentence includes two or more subjects and more than one simple predicate. These sentences are termed as Compound Sentences.
Example: A thief and a dacoit were caught yesterday.
In the above sentence, there are two subjects, thief and dacoit.
The connecting word is and. Therefore the above sentence has a compound subject.
Example: The maid washed and dried the clothes.
In the above sentence the subject is the ‘maid’ who has performed two tasks, washed and dried. The connecting word is and. Therefore the above sentence has a compound predicate.
Basic sentence pattern
A sentence must have three features:
A subject: about what or whom we are talking about
A verb: tells what the subject is or is doing, and
It must stand alone or can make sense on its own.
He called. – This is a sentence and it stands alone.
He – is the subject.
Called – is the verb.
The following which are given not sentences, even though each has a subject and verb:
Because he called
When he called
These do not stand alone.
Of course, most sentences we speak or write in our daily life have more than just a subject and verb, but to be complete, a sentence must have at least a subject and a verb and be able to stand alone.
Sentences that are uncomplete are called sentence fragments, or fragment sentences, or just fragments.
Read the following examples carefully:
Subject + verb
- We laughed.
- The lion roared.
Subject+ verb direct object
- Dickens wrote David Copperfield.
- She narrated the story.
Subject + verb + subject complement
- The judgment seemed fair.
- Our house was large and airy.
- He looked good.
Subject + verb + direct object + object complement
- He named his son Amit.
- Kavita called Neha a genius.
Subject + verb + indirect object + direct object
- Aslam gave Nargis the flowers.
- Review and Practice
Agreement of the Subject and the Verb
It must be remembered that a verb must agree with its subject. When the subject of a verb is a singular noun, the verb must be in the third person singular. The third-person singular is the form of the verb used with the personal pronouns he, she, and it.
When the subject of a verb is a plural noun, then we have to use a verb that must be in the third person plural. The third person plural (not singular) in the form of the verb used with the personal pronoun “they”.
In the following examples, the verbs are in italics and their subjects are highlighted.
Singular Subject: The book is interesting.
Plural Subject: The books are interesting.
Singular Subject: A duck was flying overhead.
Plural Subject: Two duck were flying overhead.
Singular Subject: One student lives here.
Plural Subject: Three students live here.
4 Kinds of Sentence with examples
There are 4 kinds of sentences:
- Assertive or declarative sentence (a statement)
- Interrogative sentence (a question)
- Imperative sentence (a command)
- Exclamatory sentence (an exclamation)
Definition: An Assertive Sentence is a sentence that states a fact.
Such sentences are simple statements. They state, assert, or declare something.
Example: The train is late today.
Definition: An Interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark (?)
Where is my pen?
Where do you live?
Definition: An Imperative sentence is a sentence that gives a command, makes a request, or expresses a wish.
- Vivek, go to your room, at once. (an order)
- Please use the next entrance. (a request)
- We wish you a safe journey. (a wish)
Sometimes the subject (you) of an imperative sentence is unexpressed but understood.
Definition: Sentence that expresses sudden and strong feelings, such as surprise, wonder, pity, sympathy, happiness, or gratitude are Exclamatory sentences. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark (!).
- What a shame!
- Boy, am I tired!
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